What is ANZAC Day?
Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand. It is commemorated by both countries on 25th April every year to honour members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in Turkey during World War I. It is now a day where we remember all those who died and served in military operations for their countries.
What happened at Gallipoli?
Britain and France were trying to knock Turkey out of World War I by trying to force their way past the forts guarding the straits of the Dardenelles to get into the Sea of Marmara. They bombarded the Turkish forts but lost several old battleships to mines forcing them to withdraw. It was then decided to land troops on several beaches on the Peninsula of Gallipoli. These landings were ill planned giving the Turks time to reinforce the defenders. The ANZAC troops(Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) as well as British troops suffered horrendous casualties. Trapped in to their beacheads disease and heavy casualties led to them being evacuated after nearly a year. The evacuation was so well planned that they had gone before the Turks knew they were retreating.
Map of Gallipoli Peninsula:
The ANZAC Spirit:
The Anzac spirit or Anzac legend is the idea which suggests that Australian and New Zealand soldiers possess shared characteristics, and these qualities are believed to have be shown by the ‘diggers’ on the battlefield in World War I.
Today, many believe Australians still invoke the ANZAC spirit in times of conflict, danger and hardship.
Qualities of the ANZAC:
- Good Humour
- Irreverent in the face of authority
Exploring the ANZAC Legend:
Create a KidHQ username and password and explore what it means to be at war.
Click below to discover what it was like for the nurses of WWI.
Do you think service men and women should be allowed to march with their families at ANZAC Day parades?
Watch BTN to hear both sides of the story.
Yum ANZAC biscuits! Click below to find the recipe to make your own delicious snack.War Poetry ‘Grandpa, What Did You Do In The War?’ By Jeff Cook